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Provincial Business Development Office
Regional Business Development Office
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History of Department of Business Development
The Department of Business Development is the department that changed its name from the Department of Commercial Registration according to the reengineering effective from 3 October 2002 as enacted in the Organization of State Administration Act(Fifth Amendment) B.E. 2545 and the Act Amending Ministry, Sub-Ministry and Department B.E.2545.
Regarding the outcome of such reengineering, in addition to the change of "Department of Commercial Registration” to "Department of Business Development”, the department has improved its roles, missions, and organization structure starting from transferring measurement unit to report to Department of Internal Trade, Ministry of Commerce and transferring fuel jobs to Department of Energy Business, Ministry of Energy.At the same time, the Department has received business development and promotion duties,the registration duties, and the promotion of trade association and chamber from Department of Internal Trade and new duties, namely,service and e-commerce business promotion, to perform with the original duties, namely, business registrationduties, business supervision, and business services.
History of Department of Commercial Registration
His Majesty the King Vajiravudh ordered to establish the Department of Commercial Registration as the Department with the director as its head on 15 January B.E.2466 and assigned Phra Komarakul Montri (Cheun Komarakul Na Nakorn) as the first Director of Department of Commercial Registration to be onsible for measurement and commercial registration.
Duties and Responsibilities When the Department of Commercial Registration was Firstly Established
When the Department of Commercial Registration was firstly established, the duties of responsibilities of the department during that time are the maintenance of measurement, and the commercial registration.Originally, the measurement and the commercial registration duties, namely, company partnership, insurance, trademark,and patent, are under the responsibilities of other Ministries, Sub-ministries, and departments and we can summarize the history as follows:
Regarding the measurement duties in the past, Thailand applied measurement system from many countries such such as from Thailand itself, from China, and from other western countries, deemed as appropriate or convenient. In addition, in an item, there are many rates or scale so using method of measurement with different rates or scales obstructs the prosperity of trading. His Majesty the King Chulalongkorn initiated to set therules for measurement as the evidence and since the measurement is related to trading so it should be the Ministry of Agriculture and Commerce’s duties to set the rules. In this issues, Chao Phraya Surasak Montri proposedthe metric approach as the basis in B.E.2440 but it was not successful.
When Chao Phraya Thewetwongsewiwat was the Minster of Agriculture, he recovered only the measurement (Tuang) for consideration since Siam had the rice products that need to be measured so he drafted the Rate, Bucket, and Tanan Act B.E.2443 and proposed to the King. However,other Ministers thought that when the Act was drafted, other types of measurement shall be added. Rolin Jacmingnes, the Advisor, and Mr. Chlesser, Legal Advisor newly drafted the Tuang and Wad Act B.E.2443 to use the Metric Approach.In addition, His Majesty the King set up the committee in B.E.2445 to consider which types of measurement machine shall be used as the standard and the Committee proposed the report to the King in B.E.2448 to use the Metric Approach but such issues were pending again.
The measurement law issued in B.E.2466 was the new issue that people had never got used to since the metric approach is the new approach. Therefore, the Department of Commercial Registration prepared the advertising so Thai people learnt metric approach via radio broadcasting. The Department regularly wrote the article via radio broadcasting twice a month and persuaded merchants and people who already had and used the measurement machine in the metric approach can used such machine to ask for certificate. The merchant who aimed to trade via measurement machine in metric approach can ask for license as the person who make, order, repair, or sell the measurement and weight machine.
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